Tenzing-Hillary Airport, also known as Lukla Airport, is a small airport in the town of Lukla, in Khumbu, Solukhumbu district, Sagarmatha zone, eastern Nepal. A program titled Most Extreme Airports, broadcast on The History Channel in 2010, rated the airport as the most dangerous airport in the world. In January 2008 the airport was renamed in honor of Sir Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest and also to mark their efforts in the construction of this airport.
The airport is popular because Lukla is the place where most people start the climb to Mount Everest Base Camp. There are daily flights between Lukla and Kathmandu during daylight hours in good weather. Although the flying distance is short, rain commonly occurs in Lukla while the sun is shining brightly in Kathmandu. High winds, cloud cover, and changing visibility often mean flights can be delayed or the airport closed. The airport is contained within a chain link fence and patrolled by the Nepal armed police or civil police around the clock. Namche Bazaar (3440 m ) Namche Bazaar located at the altitude of 3440 meters in the solukhumbu district. A Sherpa
community village Namche Bazaar is the main gateway for Everest trekking route, Peak climbing, expedition or others activities in Everest region. Namche bazaar is the Point especially for altitude acclimation for high Himalaya and it is the main trading center and tourist hub for the Khumbu region with many Nepalese officials, a police check, post and a bank. The village is full of the lodges, catering for visitors as well as numbers of internet cafes, making it one of the few places in the region where trekkers can access the internet. The main street into the village is lined with Tibetan run handicraft stalls and stores. Tengboche Monastery(3867m). Tengboche Monastery is a famous Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Tengboche village in
Khumjung. This monastery is also known as Dawa Choling Gompa. Situated at 3,867 meters (12,687 ft), the monastery is also the largest gompa in this region. The monastery was built in 1916 by Lama Gulu with strong links to its mother monastery known as the Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet. However, in 1934, it was destroyed by an earthquake and was subsequently rebuilt. In 1989, it was destroyed for a second time by a fire and then rebuilt with the help of volunteers and international assistance. In the background of this monastery there is a good view of Mt. Amadablam, Mt. Everest, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Tawache, Mt. Thamserku, Mt. Lhotse and others.
In the Everest trekking area, apart from Tengboche monastery, other famous monasteries include: Thame, Khumjung and Pangboche.
Kala Patthar(5545 m)
Kala Pattar is Nepali name and it means ‘black rock’ in English, is a famous attraction located nearby the Everest base camp an altitude of 5545m on the south ridge of mount Pumori in the khumbu region. Kala pattar is not the Mountain just a normal trekking peak. Kala pattar is very popular peaks since it is one of the best viewpoint in the Everest Himalayan region, from there you can see beautiful panoramic views of the Himalayan range include Top of the world Everest from base camp to summit (due to the structure of Everest, the peak cannot be seen from the base camp). Mt Everest, Mt Nuptse, Mt Lhotse, Mt Pumori, Mt Amadablam, Mt Thamserku and many other snow capped mountains can be seen from kalapattar.
The ascent of Kala Pattar begins from Gorakshep where the few teahouses are. Gorakshep is located on altitude of 5165m. and it is known as base camp of Kala pattar too. Gorakshep is the place where you can get lodging and fooding facilities on the Everest base camp trek. Further up from Gorakshep there is not any teahouse, so every trekker stays overnight there to explore around base camp and kala pattar.
Climbing up to Kala pattar is not easy but doable by every trekker. yes it is tough climbing, steep, narrow and rocky path, last ten minutes walk is risky over boulders to reach on top where is marked with many prayer flags. The ascent of Kala pattar usually takes 2 hours. It is all depend on your fitness level and how you are suffering from altitudeEverest base camp(5360 m ) Everest base camp (5360 meters) is probably the best trekking route In the world and it is not a
Everest Base camp
wilderness expedition. Every year thousands of trekkers visited the Everest base camp. Famous for its spectacular mountain peaks and the loyalty and friendliness of its inhabitants (the Sherpas), the Everest region (Khumbu) is one of the most popular destinations for tourists in Nepal. Not only for trekking Everest has big history of climbing. So Base camp is the main acclimation point for the Everest summiteer. To visit the Everest base camp there are different option even those people who are Physically unable to trek to time duration to visit the Everest. In these condition the best way to visit the base camp is helicopter tour within a few hours visitors can visit the main attraction of the Everest.Gokyo lake (4600-5100 m)Gokyo lake, situated at the base of Mt. Everest and partially fed by the Ngozumpa glacier, is one of the most popular tourist destinations leading to Everest Base Camp in Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park. At an altitude of 4734 m, the lake is a source of permanent fresh water and has high hydrological values.Home to endangered species like snow leopard and musk deer, it also provides breeding ground for migratory birds. The Gokyo Lake is also considered a sacred lake for Hindus and Buddhists, where about 500 Hindu people take a holy bath during the Janai purnima festival, which usually occurs in the month of August. On an average 7,000 tourists annually visit the
Gokyo lake system lies between the altitude ranges of 4600-5100 m in Khumjung VDC of Solukhumbu district, and is the main wetland site in the Park. The largest glacier Ngozumpa is the main sources of water for Gokyo. The wetland lies on the head of the Dudh Koshi River which descends from world’s 7th highest mountains – Cho Oyo. There are five major lakes in Gokyo cluster, out of which Gokyo, also called Dudh Pokhari/ is the main lake (42 ha), followed by Taujon Cho (17 ha), Thonak Cho (65 ha), Ngozumpa Cho (14 ha) and Gyazumpa Cho (29 ha). The Gokyo lake feeds waters from various sources such as seepage from the Ngozumpa glacier, a stream coming from the Renjo La pass from north-west and another stream originating from the Ngozumpa glacier in the east. It is a glacier-fed freshwater wetland and discharges water to the Dudh Koshi River headway via the Taujun Lake and the Longabanga lake. No direct/visual connection between the Gokyo Lake and the upper Thonak Cho and the Ngozumpa Cho has been observed but these lakes may be connected via underground seepage water. The margins of the Gokyo Lake which is connected with streams in the form of inlets and outlets create marshes or
swamps along their marginal meadows
chola pass (5420 m)
Cho La is a summit pass located 5,420 metres (17,782 ft) above sea level in the Solukhumbu District in northeastern Nepal. It connects the village of Dzongla (4,830 metres (15,850 ft)) to the east and the village of Thangak (4,700 metres (15,400 ft)) to the west.
The pass is on Gokyo trail, one of the popular and challenging trekking trails in Khumbu Everest region. To the west the trail continues to Gokyo Lakes crossing Ngozumpa glacier on the way. To the east the trail joins the Everest Base Camp trek.The pass can be physically demanding and may require crampons on top of a slippery glacier. The edge of the glacier is unstable.
Everest (8848 m)
Mount Everest, also known in Nepal as Sagarmāthā and in Tibet as Chomolungma, is Earth’s highest
mountain. It is located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas. Its peak is 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) above sea level and is the 5th furthest summit from the center of Earth.
At 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa of Nepal, become the first explorers to reach the summit of Mount Everest, which at 29,035 feet above sea level is the highest point on earth. Ngozumpa glacierThe Ngozumpa glacier, below the sixth highest mountain in the world Cho Oyu in Nepal, at 36 kilometres (22 mi), is the longest glacier in the Himalayas. Ngozumpa Glacier is a large persistent body of ice. It flows slowly due to stresses induced by its weight.
The Nepali Himalayas are warming significantly in recent decades. Ngozumpa glacier is showing signs of shrinking and thinning, producing melt water. Some of this water pools on the surface where an enormous lake is growing. This lake, called Spillway, has the potential to be about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) long, 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) wide and 100 metres (330 ft) deep.In the future this might be a threat to the Sherpa villages down the valley.
Khumbu Ice fall ( 5,486)
The Khumbu Icefall is located close to the Mount Everest base camp when approaching the mountain from the south. All climbers from the south need to pass this glacier because it blocks the way further up the silent valley (western cwm) , the main route to Mount Everest and also Lhotse.
The Khumbu Icefall is especially dangerous. The glacier moves with up to one meter every day which causes huge crevasses to appear almost from one second to the other. 2014 the so far largest catastrophe occurred here with 16 Sherpas dead.
Sagarmatha National Park
Sagarmatha National Park covers the highest peak in the world, Mount Everest at 8,848 m, and its surrounding high mountain ranges. It is an area of geologically young mountains with sharp peaks and glaciers. The Dudh Kosi river originates here. Gokyo Valley (a RAMSAR site) has a number of lakes.
The park is located in north-eastern Nepal, in the Solo-Khumbu region.It encompasses an area of 1,148 km2 and ranges in elevation from its lowest point of 2,845 m at Jorsalle to 8,848 m at the summit of Everest. Most part of the land is barren, with grazing lands on the lower elevations. There are relatively few mammal species due to evolutionary factors.
Sagarmatha National Park is also home to about 3000 Sherpas. They moved there from Tibet some 500 years ago and keep up their distinct traditions and Tibetan-Buddhist religion
Sherpa People and Culture
Everest region is the home of Sherpas. Sherpas are an ethnic group of Nepal. They are migrated from Kham region of eastern Tibet within the last 300-400 years. Most of the people who are working in mountaineering and expeditions belong to this ethnic group. They are highly regarded as elite mountaineers and experts in their local terrain. They speak their own language. The Sherpa language belongs to the south branch of the Tibetan language family. This language is however not intelligible for Lhasa Tibetan speakers. During Everest trekking you will visit villages of Sherpas and have the opportunity to see their real lifestyle, traditions and culture.
In Everest region you will find varieties of flora and fauna. In the lower forested zone, birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron grow. Above this zone all vegetation are found to be dwarf or shrubs. As the altitude increases, plant life is restricted to lichens and mosses. Plants stop growing at about 5,750 meters (18,860 ft), because this is the permanent snow line in the Himalayas.
The forests of Sagarmatha National Park provide habitat to at least 118 species of birds, including Himalayan Munal, Blood pheasant, Red-billed cough, and Yellow-billed cough. This park is also home to a number of rare mammal species, including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red panda. Himalayan thars, Langur monkeys, martens and Himalayan wolves are also found in the park.